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Why are narcotics so addictive?

10-06 | By Rachael

Why are narcotics so addictive?

Drug abuse continues to be a growing menace that has taken a significant toll on human lives. With the increased practice of over-prescription, a number of drugs that affect different parts of the brain have emerged in the market.

Narcotics are one such life-threatening drugs that have devastated millions of lives. These are usually taken to relieve pain. Being highly effective, they are extensively used by the medical fraternity. Unlike other drugs, narcotics are extremely powerful and addictive and are known to alter the normal pathways of the brain.

Since narcotics repress pain and create intense sensations of euphoria, people feel a strong urge to use such drugs. Therefore, one runs the risk of developing a dependence on narcotics in a short span of time. Since these drugs affect different parts of the brain, they cause dizziness, weakening of the senses, numbness, etc.

Whether produced pharmaceutically or illegally in laboratories, addiction to narcotics has become a global issue that has had serious consequences on the society and the economy. When taken more than the prescribed limit and outside the controlled settings, there is a grave danger of overdosing and other similar problems.

Key repercussions of narcotics

According to a report published by the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM), the nonmedical use of opioids is the second most common form of illicit drug use in the United States. Among the 20.5 million Americans aged 12 and above who struggled with substance use disorder (SUD), 2 million had SUD involving prescription pain relievers and 591,000 had SUD involving heroin.

Both legal and illegal forms of narcotics, such as morphine, codeine, hydrocodone or heroin, are extensively abused for self-medication and recreational purposes. Generally, narcotics are often prescribed along with other comparatively less potent drugs, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, or as a pill that is a combination of a narcotic and either acetaminophen or aspirin.

Therefore, there is an increased risk of dangerous interaction on consumption of more than one medications due to lack of knowledge. People who abuse narcotics tend to consume excessive acetaminophen that can cause liver damage and even death.

Since narcotics prescribed by medical professionals and those bought from street dealers trigger similar effects, one needs to exercise caution in all circumstances. Although those prescribed by physicians are considered safe, they still pose a high risk of overdosing due to the drowsiness induced by narcotics that suppresses mental functions.

As a result, patients may not remember taking their dose and may eventually end up overdosing on it. Another risk is pertaining to the use of synthetic narcotics that tend to cause debilitating withdrawal symptoms when consumed with alcohol or other illicit substances to enhance their strength.

Seek treatment to quit narcotics

Narcotics like morphine, heroin, codeine, opium, hydrocodone, oxycodone, meperidine and methadone can have serious side effects, which include constipation, nausea, dizziness, weakness, and a host of other such symptoms. Therefore, it is important to seek medical help before it is too late.

Although it is imperative to get out of narcotic addiction, most people who decide to stop using narcotics witness a number of withdrawal symptoms. Therefore, individuals struggling with an opioid use disorder (OUD) should undergo a proper detoxification process to overcome withdrawal symptoms. Such a measure should be undertaken under the supervision of an expert to minimize the risks.

If you or someone you know is battling with any kind of substance like narcotics, the Colorado Substance Abuse Advisors can assist with information on the customized substance abuse treatment programs in Colorado. Call our 24/7 helpline 866-300-5857 or chat online with our advisers for information on the best substance abuse treatment centers in Colorado.


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